Gout is a known disease since ancient Egypt, 2600 BC. Hippocrates called it “a disease of the rich”. It is believed that this disease arose due to the unmerciful way of life. Gout originates from the Latin word “gutta” (drop). This is a type of inflammation of the joints, that is, arthritis, which occurs as a result of the accumulation of crystalline uric acid in the joints of people with an elevated uric acid concentration in the blood. Apart from the joints, uric acid crystals can be deposited in the skin, soft tissues, and kidneys. Thus, small, solid and white nodes on the skin and in the shell of the ear, and stones in the kidneys are created. Men from the age of 40 years and women in menopause most often suffer from this disease.
Causes of this disease can be dietary, genetic predisposition, poor renal function, etc. In 12% of cases, dieting is the main cause of gout formation and is strongly associated with alcohol consumption, fructose, sweetened drinks, and meat.
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